Autores: Galletti C, Camps-Font O, Teixidó-Turá G, Llobet-Poal I, Gay-Escoda C.
Revista: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
Referencia: 2019 Jul 1;24 (4):e473-82.
Factor de impacto: 1,596 (Journal Citation Reports-Science. Edition-2019).
Background: the purpose was to identify and assess the existing scientific evidence from epidemiologic, non-experimental observational studies of associations between Marfan’s syndrome and oral diseases.
Material amd Methods: Electronic literature searches in MEDLINE (OVID), the Cochrane Library, Scopus and the web of Science were conducted to identify all relevant articles. Eligibility was based on inclusion criteria, and quality assessments were conducted. The outcome variables were probing depth, gingival margin, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, gingival status, periodontal status, tooth mobility, furcation involvement and decayed, missing and filled teeth index. After extracting data, meta-analyses were carried out.
Results: Out of 527 potentially eligible papers, 3 cross-sectional studies were included. No statistically significant differences were found in the number of sites with bleeding on probing (OR: 1.26; 95% CI: 0.47 to 3.42; P= 0.65; I2: 0%), probing depth (MD: -0.14 mm; 95% CI: -0.24 to 0.53; P= 0.46; I2: 93%), periodontal status (WMD: 0.68 points; 95% CI: -0.48 to 1.83; P= 0.25; I2: 98%) nor number of decayed, missing and filled teeth index score (MD: 1.08 points.; 95% CI: -1.27 to 3.42; P=0.37; I2: 0%).
Conclusions: Patients diagnosed with Marfan’s syndrome do not seem to have worsened oral health status. Due to the high number of patients with Marfan’s syndrome that have prosthetic heart valves, an adequate dental monitoring as well as a strict maintenance therapy program should be implemented.
Key words: Marfan syndrome, oral health, periodontal diseases, caries.